Rubber Band Ligation of haemorrhoids
Haemorrhoids are varices placed in the area of anus, which constrain blood flow. They frequently cause inflammations, pain, itching, burning feeling and also bleeding. It is estimated that 50% of population experiences problems with haemorrhoids
From medical point of view we can distinguish external haemorrhoids, which are visible swellings around anal sphincter and internal haemorrhoids placed inside the sphincter, which can burst and evoke bleeding. They can be also classified into four grades of size.
Main reasons of haemorrhoids are sedentary lifestyle, bad diet causing constipations and inappropriate anal hygiene. To avoid haemorrhoids our diet should be rich in fiber and varied. We should also cut down on alcohol and spicy food. Increase in physical activities and taking care of anal hygiene also can help us.
If you already have haemorrhoids medical consultations are necessary. Presence of haemorrhoids as normal anatomical structures is not an indication for treatment. Treatment should be implemented if symptoms of haemorrhoidal disease appears. In the beginning medications could bring the relief, but with its development only removal of the haemorrhoids can give desired result. Because of growing number of large bowel (including rectum) cancer which frequently give symptoms as blood in stool, every reported bleeding from rectum is verified to exclude the cancer. Also another symptoms as fecal urgency, rectal tenesmous, diarrheas, constipations, should be diagnosed before the haemorrhoids therapy, because they can be symptoms of cancer.
If the pharmacological treatment do not give positive effects, the other procedures should be implemented. One of them is rubber band ligation, called Barron’s method.
Barron’s method is one of most effective, nonsurgical and safe procedures of haemorrhoids removal. It is estimated that this method has 90% of efficacy. It can be carried out in the ambulatory environment, without hospitalization.
Rubber band ligatin is used in case of haemorrhoids I and II grades, sometimes also in case of those of grade III.